Seed Order – 2013

Carrot, St. Valery
Catalog #360 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Daucus carota) (aka James Scarlet) Mentioned by Vilmorin in 1885 as having been grown for a “long time.” James Vick & Sons Co. of Rochester, New York reported in 1924 that St. Valery was “The best and most handsome main crop carrot. . . . Enormously productive.” Fine-grained red-orange roots grow up to 12″ long. Deliciously sweet, excellent for storage. 80-90 days.

Turnip, Purple Top White
Catalog #423 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Brassica rapa) Listed in the 1885 retail catalogue of James J. H. Gregory. Uniform smooth white globes are best for eating when 3-4″ in diameter but remain in good condition until quite large. Sweet, mild, fine-grained white flesh. Large tops make delicious greens. Excellent quality, stores very well. 45-65 days.

Beet, Early Blood Turnip OG
Catalog #347A – Seed Savers Exchange

(Beta vulgaris) Good all-purpose variety that dates back to 1825. Dark red flesh is sweet, crisp, and tender. Excellent market and home garden variety for summer and autumn use. Now relatively rare. 48-68 days.

Cabbage, Winningstadt
Catalog #614 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Brassica oleracea) Introduced in 1866 by James J. H. Gregory & Sons of Marblehead, Massachusetts. Upright and compact plants with a spread of 30″. Exceptionally hard dark bluish-green pointed heads are up to 9″ long by 7″ wide. Mild flavor, excellent keeper. 80-90 days from transplant.

Kale, Lacinato OG
Catalog #623A – Seed Savers Exchange
(Brassica oleracea) (aka Dinosaur, Nero di Toscana) Italian heirloom that dates back to the eighteenth century. Bluegreen strap-like leaves are 3″ wide by 10-18″ long with a heavily savoyed texture. Excellent flavor that is enhanced by frost. Best eaten when leaves are small and tender. 62 days from transplant.

Onion, Ailsa Craig
Catalog #392 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Allium cepa) Named after Ailsa, a small round island off the coast of Scotland that is solid rock. Introduced in 1887 by David Murray, gardener for the Marquis of Ailsa. Ailsa Craig is globe-shaped and solid. Large straw colored onions with small necks average 2 pounds. Best for fresh use, not extended storage. Long-day type. 100 days from transplant.

Pea, Champion of England
Catalog #1524 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Pisum sativum) 1840s heirloom from the family of Robert Woodbridge, brought to SSE by Ben Gabel and Kate McEvoy. Robert’s grandmother got the seed “from the head gardener at a big country house during the war” and grew it in her garden in the village of Pickworth, Lincolnshire, England. A traditional tall pea that reaches heights of 10 feet—a great return for a small space. Eight to ten peas per pod. Shell, 60-75 days.

Herb, Anise
Catalog #269 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Pimpinella anisum) One of the oldest known spices in England, first appeared in the Grocers’ Company of London. Added to bread and sausage in Italy for centuries. Wonderful strong licorice flavor. Very easy to grow, similar to dill in habit. Annual.

Herb, Lovage
Catalog #1568 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Levisticum officinale) Very uniform selection of lovage with greenish-yellow flowers. The leaves, stems, and seeds all taste like celery. Used extensively in preparing soups and salads. Perennial in zones 3-8.

Herb, Fennel, Bronze
Catalog #830 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Foeniculum vulgare) Attractive plants with bronze-tinged lacy foliage, a unique color for garden borders. Does not form an edible bulb like Florence Fennel, used instead as a garnish or added to salads. Tender perennial grown as an annual, 3-4′ tall.

Herb, Rosemary
Catalog #1250 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Rosmarinus officinalis) Mediterranean native. Attractive evergreen shrub with grey-green pinnate leaves. Classic herb has a spicy flavor used extensively to season meats and vegetables. Great for pots. Perennial in zones 8-10, grown as an annual in the North.

Herb, Sage Green Culinary
Catalog #1252 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Salvia officinalis) Classic culinary herb for flavoring meat, cheese, and bean dishes. Good for laying on the grill and flavoring meat with its smoke. Attractive grey-green shrubby plant with beautiful mauve flowers. Perennial in zones 5-10.

Herb, Thyme
Catalog #820 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Thymus vulgaris) One of the most versatile herbs used in cooking, can be used to season any meat or vegetable. Plants grow 6-12″ tall with a sprawling habit. Perennial in zones 5-8.

Herb, Rue
Catalog #1251 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Ruta graveolens) Native to southern Europe and northern Africa. Striking grey-green foliage with small yellow flowers. Unique pungent aroma. Excellent when grown in containers. Dried seed heads add interest to flower arrangements. Perennial in zones 4-9, 2′ tall.

Herb, Hyssop
Catalog #815 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Hyssopus officinalis) Used as early as the 7th century to improve the smell of kitchens and hospitals. Hyssop leaves are used to flavor salads, soups, liqueurs, and stews. Essential oil used in perfumes. Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Plants grow 18-24″. Perennial in zones 4-9.

Herb, Parsley Triple Curled OG
Catalog #280A – Seed Savers Exchange
(Petroselinum hortensis) Closely curled dark green leaves. Fast growing uniform strain. High in vitamins and minerals. Holds for a long time at harvesting stage even in warm weather. Biennial in zones 6-9, grown as an annual. 68-75 days.

Herb, Basil Lettuce Leaf
Catalog #273 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Ocimum basilicum) (aka Large Leaved Italian) Classic basil described in Vilmorin’s The Vegetable Garden (1885). Named for large crumpled and fluted lettuce-like leaves that are 3-4″ long. Sturdy 18-24″ plants. Annual.

Flower, Nigra Hollyhock
Catalog #1064 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Alcea rosea) Grown by Thomas Jefferson at Monticello, but mentioned even earlier in 1629 by John Parkinson, who described this single hollyhock as being “of a darke red like blackblood.” Appears black on overcast days, but will have a hint of red in bright sun. Plant next to a white fence for a spectacular contrast. Self-seeding biennial, 5-6′ tall.

Endive, Maraichere Tres Fine OG
Catalog #1564A – Seed Savers Exchange
(Cichorium endivia) Quick growing miniature French “Frisée” type endive. Narrow finely curled leaves can be grown for baby leaves or larger mature leaves. Excellent delicate flavor. 30 days baby, 50 days mature.

Endive, Maraichere Tres Fine OG
Catalog #1564A – Seed Savers Exchange
(Cichorium endivia) Quick growing miniature French “Frisée” type endive. Narrow finely curled leaves can be grown for baby leaves or larger mature leaves. Excellent delicate flavor. 30 days baby, 50 days mature.

Herb, Wormwood
Catalog #1256 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Artemisia absinthium) Leaves are used to ward off insects and as a medicinal tonic. Attractive shrubby plants with fine grey-green foliage and numerous yellow flowers in spires, 48-70″ tall. Perennial in zones 3-8.

Herb, Dill Bouquet OG
Catalog #1622A – Seed Savers Exchange
(Anethum graveolens) The most widely grown dill. Early maturing plants have dark green leaves, 6″ flowering umbels, and an intoxicating dill aroma. Excellent leaf and seed yields. 45-55 days leaf, 70-90 days seed.

Herb, Summer Savory
Catalog #1625 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Satureja hortensis) Peppery flavor used to season a wide array of dishes—beans, sausage, cabbage, wild game, and even vinegar. Both fresh and dried leaves can be used. Somewhat lanky plants grow up to 18″ tall. Hardy annual.

Leek, Giant Musselburgh
Catalog #639 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Allium ampeloprasum) (aka Scotch Flag) Scottish variety introduced in the early 1800s. Enormous leeks that are 9-15″ long by 2-3″ in diameter. Tender white stalks, dark bluegreen fan-shaped leaves. Mild flavor, stands winter well. Good buncher for market gardens. 80-150 days from transplant.

Radish, Helios
Catalog #1429 – Seed Savers Exchange
(Raphanus sativus) Named for the Greek god of the sun. Pale yellow sweet spring radish with white flesh. Similar to the Small Early Yellow Turnip Radish described in Vilmorin’s The Vegetable Garden (1885). 30-35 days.

Tansy
[7247] – Garden Medicinals
Tanacetum vulgare ASTERACEAE
Ornamental herb with lacy leaves topped with buttons of gold flowers that dry nicely in arrangements. Strong-scented foliage is used to repel flies.
Pkt. (0.05 g, 363 seeds)
Cannot ship to ND, WY or WA.

Angelica
[7339] – Garden Medicinals
Angelica archangelica UMBELLIFERAE
Originally native to northern Europe, angelica is now used and cultivated in medicinal gardens world-wide. The plant consists of a basal clump of tall hollow stems giving rise to large, serrated, lobed leaves. During the second year it sends up a tall stalk, 5 to 6 feet high with a large main umbel and secondary umbels of white flowers. Medicinal: The bitter aromatic, chopped dried root brewed as a strong tea has promoted vivid dreams. Angelica is a carminative, useful for digestive problems, gastric spasms and ulcers, especially when combined with chamomile. A warming expectorant for bronchitis and influenza. Has anti-inflammatory action. Not used during pregnancy.
Pkt. (0.3 g, 50 seeds)

Coriander – ‘Long Standing’
[7216] – Garden Medicinals
Coriander sativum ASTERACEAE
The seeds of coriander are used in many Chinese and Mexican dishes, and diverse uses in breads, pastries, and fruit and meat sauces. The leaves of cilantro (also called Chinese parsley) are used as an ingredient in Mexican, Indian, and Chinese dishes. Especially used for rice dishes, soups, and curries. Medicinal: Known in Chinese medicine as “yuan-xu-zi” (Chinese parsley), the seeds are used as a diaphoretic and appetite stimulant.

Mugwort
[7276] – Garden Medicinals
Artemesia vulgaris LAMIACEAE
Large bushy plant with aromatic leaves with soft silvery undersides and small red-brown flowers. Unlike most other wormwoods that have no culinary uses, mugwork is used to season the stuffings of duck, pork, and game. It’s primary use is as a medicinal herb mainly in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Medicinal: digestive stimulant, vermifuge, bitter tonic, mild nervine, and menstrual tonic. Used for moxabustion in China. Not to be given intenally for lactating or pregnant women since it stimulates the uterus.
Pkt. (0.05 g, 492 seeds)

Horehound, White
[7229]  – Garden Medicinals
Marrubium vulgare LAMIACEAE
This member of the mint family has a pleasant fragrance and a menthol-like flavor. Use as a tea and a flavoring for horehound candies. Medicinal: Contains substances that stimulate secretions of the bronchial mucosa, soothes coughs and breaks up mucus.
Pkt. (0.15 g, 127 seeds)

Vervain (Herb of Grace, Herba Sacra)
[7322] – Garden Medicinals
Verbena officinalis VERBENACEAE
In England, Vervain is found by roadsides and sunny pastures. The Puritans brought it to the United States. Somewhat undistinguished in appearance, vervain has tiny pale lilac flowers borne on slender spikes above lance-like serrated leaves. The name Verbena was the Roman name generalized for altar plants, and for this species in particular. Vervain is of very old traditional use by Druids, magicians, priests, and ancients. Its uses have encompassed a range of magical, ritualistic, medicinal, and even aphrodisiac applications. Medicinal: The aerial parts are used. The plant has a slightly bitter, astringent cooling quality. In China it is known as Ma Bian Cao where it is used for treatment of fevers of influenza and malaria. In western herbal medicine, vervain is used as a poultice to treat wounds and sores, as a mouthwash for mouth ulcers and gum disease. Used as a nervine to strengthen the nervous system while relaxing tension and stress. Harvest: Should be harvested before flowering and dried quickly.
Pkt. (0.5 g)

Yarrow
[7300] –  Garden Medicinals
Achillea millefolium ASTERACEAE
Compared to cultivated yarrows, common yarrow is the hardiest and most medicinally active. Flowers are usually white with occasional pink flowers, borne in flat-topped clusters. Yarrow self-sows readily. For the highest essential oil content, it is best grown in un-enriched soil. Medicinal: The aerial parts are used medicinally. Yarrow functions as a diaphoretic herb for fevers, and is one of the best herbs for this purpose. It also has hypotensive action, is anti-inflammatory and hemostatic. Caution: Prolonged or frequent use is contraindicated.
Pkt. (0.1 g, 704 seeds)
Chamomile, Roman
[7307] –  Garden Medicinals
Chamaemelum nobile ASTERACEAE
A perennial chamomile with a stronger fragrance than German Chamomile. Requires a moist, cool climate to thrive. Self-sows and naturalizes in cool climate areas. Keep well weeded the first year. Makes a delicate blonde hair rinse after flower heads are dried, boiled, and strained. Medicinal: Medicinal uses are similar to German Chamomile.
Pkt. (0.15 g, 936 seeds)

Red Kidney
Landreth Seed Company (Heirlooms)
Possibly grown as early as 7000 BC in Mexico. Bean dries well and is used in soups and for baking. Pods are 6 in.

Fava (Broad Windsor)
Landreth Seed Company (Heirlooms)
An old variety known prior to 1860, mentioned by Burr in 1863 and listed by the French seedhouse, Vilmorin Andrieux, in 1885. Produces well in cool climates and crops over a long season. 3 5 in. glossy green pods.

Fava, Bell Bean
Bountiful Gardens
Vicia faba
A vigorous, adaptable legume, often mixed with peas, vetch, radish, and oats for cover cropping. Grows 3-6 ft, produces much organic matter for composting, and fixes nitrogen if inoculant is used. Strong root system brings up nutrients and conditions soil. Plant in fall. Matures March to May, attracting many beneficial insects.

Bean, Dry Bush Bean Mix
Bountiful Gardens
85-95 days. A variety of colors and flavors of bean for dry storage. All bush varieties.

Bean, Garbanzo, Tan
Bountiful Gardens
Cicer arientinum
The familiar chickpeas; large tan roundish beans often canned, used in soups and bean dishes, or used to make hummus and falafel. C 100 seeds.
Primrose
Bountiful Gardens
Oenothera biennis
Essential women’s herb, rich in estrogenic compounds, is used to treat PMS and discomforts of menopause. Important source of fatty acids, most concentrated in the seeds. Leaves and root are tasty, easy to grow medicinal foods. Large yellow flowers open evenings.

Safflower
Bountiful Gardens
110-140 days. Carthamus tinctoria. Another of humanity’s oldest crops, with garlands of the flowers found in the pharaohs’ tombs. Safflower is a thistlelike plant 1-2 ft tall with yellow to red flowers. The flowers are used for dye or drying and the petals as a home substitute for saffron. The seeds average 40% oil content, and yield a high-quality oil with many health benefits. It prefers a long dry season and limited rain; it can get fungal diseases in rainy conditions. 200 seeds.

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